Magistrates also sit in special courts dealing with young people aged 10 to The Youth Court is a type of magistrates' court which deals with young people. Cases in the Youth Court are either dealt with by three magistrates or a single district judge, sitting alone. This type of court differs from adult criminal proceedings in a number of ways, for example the proceedings are designed to be less formal, the public are not permitted to enter the court and defendants are addressed by their first name. If the victim s wishes to observe the proceedings they are obliged to make a request to the court.
Youth Tried as Adults
Which Court? - Youth Justice Law in England and Wales
Youth justice system in England and Wales comprises the organs and processes that are used to prosecute, convict and punish persons under 18 years of age who commit criminal offences. The principal aim of the youth justice system is to prevent offending by children and young persons. Children are irrefutably presumed to be incapable of committing an offence. In exceptional circumstances, most notably the case of the murder of James Bulger in Liverpool in , children can be tried as an adult in an adult court.
Youth justice in England and Wales
An overview of Brooklyn Justice Initiatives , a program that seeks to forge a new response to misdemeanor and non-violent felony defendants in Kings County, New York. Prosecutors and defense attorneys alike believe in the benefits of social service mandates for young people charged with misdemeanor offenses but differ over the usefulness of jail sentences, according to a survey and interviews of legal practitioners across three New York City boroughs. Those findings are contained in a report setting out current justice system practices for handling misdemeanor offenses committed by young people ages in New York City. It is funded, in part, by a grant from the U.
Youth courts are less formal than adult courts. Children are called by their first names and the judge or magistrates will speak directly to the child and may ask questions. Youth courts are specially designed to make it easier for children to understand what is happening and feel less intimidated by their surroundings. Cases can be heard by one district judge or three lay magistrates. Children under 16 must attend with a parent or guardian.